Articles Principles of Throwing

Author: Jonathan Thomson
Date: 13 October 2015

A person balances his weight on both feet. He does not stand because he has only two points that touch the ground. Moving is the disruption and regaining of balance.

Mind moves the body
When you walk you subconsciously think of moving. This causes you to loose your balance forward. You then move your one foot forward to regain your balance. This is repeated so that you move in a forward direction.

High Stance
  1. Weak balance
  2. High mobility
  3. Feet is less than one shoulder width apart
Normal Stance
  1. Reasonable balance
  2. Good mobility
  3. Feet are shoulder width apart
Low Stance
  1. Strong balance
  2. Poor mobility
  3. Feet are more than shoulder width apart

One component of throwing is leverage:
Direct leverage is to force your opponent into the direction of the throw. Oppose opponent's force.
Indirect leverage is to add your force to that of your opponent so that you can easily overcome your opponent's balance.

Hard and Soft kuzushi
Hard kuzushi is to act against your opponent's action. Pull against his pull (stronger wins).
Soft kuzushi is to act with your opponent's action. Pull when he pushes (you win).

Linear verses Circular kuzushi
Linear kuzushi: If your opponent holds on to you as you are throwing, your kuzushi will cause you to loose your balance in the direction in which your opponent is falling.
Circular kuzushi: With this type of kuzushi you can guide your opponent in the direction of the kuzushi to place him at your feet.

Application of kuzushi in the directions of balance breaking
The principle of the triangle of throwing. Throw to the point of the triangle made by your opponent's feet.

Projection of kuzushi
Once you have disturbed your opponent's balance, keep projecting him in the direction of the throw.

Throw = Kuzushi + Tsukuri + Nage
Kuzushi is to break your opponent's balance. The moving of your opponent's centre of gravity.
Tsukuri is to load your opponent on to you.
Nage is the action of throwing.

Throwing techniques have been divided into four main categories namely: Hand/Shoulder, Hip, Leg and Sacrifice throws. Each throw will only be effective in a competitive or self defence situation when proper balance breaking is applied.

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